Таблицы времен английского языка

357879

Simple

Progressive

Perfect

Perfect Progressive

(PP)

Present

V, V-s

 

She usually drives to work.

 

Она обычно ездит на машине на работу.

 

 

 

 

usually, every day, always

to be V-ing

 

She is driving her new car now.

 

Она сейчас ведет свою новую машину.

 

 

 

 

 

now, at this moment

have V3

 

I have already drunk a cup of coffee.

 

Я уже выпила чашку кофе.

 

 

 

 

 

already (результат)

have been V-ing

 

She has been driving since 12 o’clock.

 

Она за рулём с 12 часов.

 

 

 

 

 

since

Past

V-ed, V2

 

She drove a car for the first time last year.

 

В прошлом году она вела машину впервые.

 

 

 

last time / year / week, yesterday

was / were V-ing

 

She was driving her new car at that moment.

 

В тот момент она вела  свою новую машину.

 

 

 

 

at that moment, when I saw her

had V3

 

She had driven the car into the garage before he arrived.

 

Она завела машину в гараж к тому времени как он пришёл.

 

 

 

before

had been V-ing

 

She had been driving for 2 hours when it started to rain.

 

Она ехала уже 2 часа к тому времени как начался дождь.

Future

will V

 

She will drive to work tomorrow.

 

 

 

Она завтра приедет на работу.

 

 

 

 

tomorrow, next week / year

will be V-ing

 

She will be driving tomorrow at 12 o’clock.

 

 

 

Она будет за рулём завтра в 12 часов.

 

 

 

 

 

at the concrete moment

will have V3

 

She will have already driven to work tomorrow by 3 o’clock.

 

 

Завтра к 3 часам она уже приедет на работу.

 

 

 

 

by, already

will have been V-ing 

She will have been driving for 4 hours by the time she arrives at the sea. 

Она будет уже 4 часа за рулём, когда доберётся до моря.

 

 Таблица времен  страдательного залога

Passive Voice.

 

Past

Present

Future

Future – in — the Past

Согласование времен

Simple (просто действие в прошлом)To be(was, were) + III форма глагола/- ed. He was answered the question yesterday.She was taken home yesterday. (постоянное действие)To be(am, is, are) + III форма глагола/- ed. He is answered the questions every day. (просто действие в будущем)Will be + III форма гл./-ed I will be taken there tomorrow. He said thatI would be taken there the next day.
Progressive (процесс действия на непрерывном промежутке времени) to be (was,were)  being + III ф.г./-edThe cake was being cooked  the whole evening. (действие в данный момент)to be (am, is,are) being + III ф.г./-edThe cake is being now.    
Perfect (предпрошедшее действие или действие закончилось к определенному моменту в прошлом)had been+ III ф.гл./- ed He said his car had been boughtyesterday.The work had been done by 5 pm yesterday.   (совершенное действие на отрезке времени, который еще не закончился)Already, ever, never, just, yetHave\has   been   +    III ф.гл./- ed The work has been done today. (действие запланировано завершится к определенному моменту в будущем)Will have +III ф. гл./-ed The work will have been done by 5pm tomorrow. He said that the work would been done by 5 pm the next day.
 

 

 

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